# Line Plotting using Latex PGFPlots

In this post I have added example codes and a short explanation on how to draw line plots using latex. All codes and outputs are available in the Overleaf Document.

## Required packages for plotting

\usepackage{pgfplots}
\usepackage{pgfplotstable}
\pgfplotsset{compat=1.7}
\usepackage{tikz}


## A simple line plot

Code for a simple line plot in latex is as follows:

\begin{tikzpicture}
\begin{axis}[
xlabel=put ur xlabel,
ylabel=put ur ylabel,
width=10cm,height=7cm,
legend style={at={(0.0,.91)},anchor=west}
]

% Add values and attributes for the first plot
(1, 7)
(2, 8)
(3, 9)
(4, 10)
(5, 11)
(6, 12)
};

% Add values and attributes for the second plot
(1, 9)
(2, 10)
(3, 11)
(4, 12)
(5, 13)
(6, 14)
};

\legend{Case 1,Case 2}
\end{axis}
\end{tikzpicture}


You can define different axis attributes including the x-label, y-label, legend style or legend position, width, height, etc. within the [] block after \begin{axis}. Then use \addplot to generate a line plot. Include as many \addplot as the number of legends you want. Put line attributes within the [] and (x,y) value pairs within coordinates{};. Then add legends sequentially seperated by a comma within \legend{}.

If you want the plot as a figure, you need to put the whole code within \begin{figure}...\end{figure} environment:

\begin{figure}[!ht]
\centering
\begin{tikzpicture}
\begin{axis}[domain=0:10,legend pos=outer north east]
\legend{$\sin(x)$,$\cos(x)$,}
\end{axis}
\end{tikzpicture}
\label{fig:my_label}
\end{figure}


## Plotting on Graph paper background

Use the following code to generate a graph-paper alike background for line plots:

\begin{tikzpicture}
\begin{axis}
[grid=both,
% number of ticks in between grids, 9 ticks = 10 cells
minor tick num=9,
% define regular grid style with line width and color
grid style={line width=.2pt, draw=black!10},
% define major grid style with line width and color
major grid style={line width=.4pt,draw=black!50},
axis lines=middle,
enlargelimits={abs=0.1},
% define width and height
width=12cm, height=9cm
]
\end{axis}
\end{tikzpicture}


## Subplotting

Put multiple plots within the \begin{subfigure}...\end{subfigure} and environment to put multiple plots as subfigures. You can also use \resizebox{\columnwidth}{!}{} environment for maintaining column width. Btw, do not forget to add the following packages beforehand:

\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{caption}
\usepackage{subcaption}


The following example has two subplots-

\begin{figure*}[!ht]
\centering
\resizebox{\columnwidth}{!}{
\begin{subfigure}[pt]{0.45\linewidth}
\begin{tikzpicture}
\begin{axis}[
xlabel=put ur xlabel,
ylabel=put ur ylabel (\%),
width=7cm,height=6cm,
legend style={at={(0.0,.91)},anchor=west},
yticklabel=\pgfmathprintnumber{\tick}\,\%
]
(1, 7)
(2, 8)
(3, 9)
(4, 10)
(5, 11)
(6, 12)
};

(1, 9)
(2, 10)
(3, 11)
(4, 12)
(5, 13)
(6, 14)
};

\legend{Case1,Case2}
\end{axis}
\end{tikzpicture}
\label{fig:sub1}
\end{subfigure}\hspace{8mm}

\begin{subfigure}[pt]{0.45\linewidth}
\begin{tikzpicture}
\begin{axis}[
xlabel=put ur xlabel,
ylabel=put ur ylabel (\%),
width=7cm,height=6cm,
legend style={at={(0.0,.91)},anchor=west},
yticklabel=\pgfmathprintnumber{\tick}\,\%
]
(1, 7)
(2, 8)
(3, 9)
(4, 10)
(5, 11)
(6, 12)
};

(1, 9)
(2, 10)
(3, 11)
(4, 12)
(5, 13)
(6, 14)
};

\legend{Case1,Case2}
\end{axis}
\end{tikzpicture}
\label{fig:sub1}
\end{subfigure}
}


You can find all Latex oriented posts of mine in: https://shantoroy.com/categories/#latex