6 minute read

Hi there!!! 👋

It’s the 12th day of the #100dayschallenge, and today I will discuss different alerting and notification strategies, techniques, tools, and best practices that SRE teams can use.

Alerting and notification are critical to any SRE (Site Reliability Engineering) strategy. In simple terms, alerting and notification are the processes by which an SRE team is notified of an issue with a system or application that requires their attention.

So, I have planned the contents for next 100 days, and I will be posting one blog post each and everyday under the hashtag #100daysofSRE. ✌️

I hope you tag along and share valuable feedback as I grow my knowledge and share my findings. 🙌

Alerting and Notification

An effective alerting and notification system is essential to maintain system availability and uptime. It enables SRE teams to respond quickly to issues, reduce downtime, and prevent potential outages.

Alerting and notification systems help SRE teams to monitor systems continuously, receive alerts when a system’s health or performance is degraded, and take corrective action before any significant impact occurs. They allow SRE teams to proactively identify and resolve issues, improve system reliability, and enhance user experience.

When considering alerting in SRE, it’s important to keep in mind several key factors:

  • Precision: This refers to the proportion of detected events that are actually significant. It’s crucial to minimize false positives and ensure that alerts are only triggered when they’re truly necessary.
  • Recall: This measures the proportion of significant events that are actually detected by the alerting system. It’s important to strive for high recall to ensure that no critical issues slip through the cracks.
  • Detection time: This refers to how quickly the alerting system is able to send notifications in various conditions. Longer detection times can negatively impact the error budget, so it’s important to ensure that alerts are triggered as quickly as possible.
  • Reset time: This measures how long alerts continue firing after an issue has been resolved. It’s important to minimize unnecessary alerts to prevent alert fatigue and ensure that SRE teams can focus on addressing the most critical issues.


Alerting and notification strategies are essential to a practical Site Reliability Engineering (SRE) system. They help SRE teams stay on top of issues and take prompt actions to resolve them.

Threshold-based alerting

This strategy involves setting thresholds for metrics such as CPU utilization, memory usage, network traffic, and response times. When the metrics exceed the threshold values, an alert is triggered. This is a simple and effective strategy for monitoring system health. Still, it can result in false positives if thresholds are too low.

Anomaly-based alerting

This strategy involves setting up baselines for system performance metrics and alerting when anomalies occur. Machine learning algorithms can detect anomalies by identifying patterns and trends in log data. This approach can reduce the number of false positives compared to threshold-based alerting. Still, it requires a lot of data to create an accurate baseline.

Event-based alerting

This strategy involves setting up alerts for specific events, such as system failures or errors in application code. This strategy helps identify critical issues that require immediate attention. Still, it can result in alert fatigue if too many events are monitored.

Each strategy has pros and cons, and the most effective approach depends on the system being monitored and the goals of the SRE team. Threshold-based alerting is a simple and effective approach for monitoring system health. In contrast, anomaly-based alerting is better suited for detecting subtle changes in system performance. Event-based alerting helps identify critical issues that require immediate attention.

It’s also important to consider the frequency and severity of alerts when setting up an alerting and notification system. Too many alerts can lead to alert fatigue, where SRE teams become overwhelmed and start ignoring alerts. On the other hand, too few alerts can result in critical issues going unnoticed.


Actually, the same tools I have already mentioned for monitoring are used for alerting as well.

#100daysofSRE (Day 09): Monitoring and Observability in SRE

Some other tools include:

  1. PagerDuty: is known for its advanced incident management capabilities, including on-call scheduling, automated escalation policies, and real-time incident reporting. PagerDuty also integrates with popular monitoring tools like New Relic, AWS CloudWatch, and Nagios, setting up alerts based on specific thresholds and events.
  2. OpsGenie: offers similar features to PagerDuty, including on-call scheduling, automated escalation policies, and real-time incident reporting. Additionally, OpsGenie provides advanced alert routing and deduplication features that help to reduce alert fatigue.
  3. VictorOps: is a comprehensive incident management platform that helps SRE teams to set up alerts and notifications quickly and easily. This tool provides real-time alerts, on-call scheduling, and automated escalation policies. VictorOps also integrates with various monitoring tools, including Splunk, Datadog, and Nagios.
  4. Prometheus: Prometheus is an open-source monitoring system. With Prometheus, SRE teams can set up alerts based on various metrics, including latency, error rates, and system resource usage. Prometheus also includes a powerful alert manager that allows users to customize alert notification channels, set up custom escalation policies, and define complex alerting rules.

Best Practices

Monitor Alert Fatigue and Reduce False Positives

Alert fatigue occurs when a team becomes overwhelmed by the volume of alerts they receive. This can lead to a lack of attention to critical issues and delays in resolving them. To avoid alert fatigue, monitoring the volume and severity of alerts and prioritizing them based on their impact on your system is essential.

False positives are alerts triggered by benign events that do not require immediate attention. To reduce false positives, ensure that the thresholds and conditions used to trigger alerts are appropriate and up-to-date.

Conduct Regular Reviews of Alerts

Alerts can quickly become irrelevant or ineffective as your systems and processes evolve. Regular reviews of your alerts can help you identify outdated or unnecessary alerts and add new ones that better reflect your current needs. Reviews can also help you optimize the thresholds and conditions used to trigger alerts.

Document Alerts and Notification Procedures

Documentation is critical for ensuring that alerts and notification procedures are consistent and well-understood by all team members. Documenting alerts and notification procedures can also help train new team members and provide a reference for future troubleshooting.

Use a Consistent Naming Convention for Alerts

Using a consistent naming convention for alerts can help team members quickly identify the source and severity of an issue. For example, you may use a naming convention that includes the component or service name followed by a severity level or a brief description of the issue.

Concluding Remarks

Setting up an effective alerting and notification system is critical for ensuring the availability, reliability, and performance of systems and services in SRE.

An effective alerting and notification system is essential for any SRE strategy. It ensures that SRE teams are notified of issues in a timely and efficient manner, enabling them to take corrective action and prevent potential outages.

Therefore, using proper tools and best practices, SRE teams can quickly identify and respond to issues in their system and ultimately improve the reliability of offered services.


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